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Vintage Signed Zuni Ring And Pendant Turquoise Coral Onyx MOP EUC
$80.00
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Vintage Zuni Sterling Silver Turquoise Petit Point Ring Size 525 And Pendant
$19.99
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Vintage Zuni Squash Silver Necklace Earrings 22 1 2
$575.00
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Vintage Turquoise Necklace Thunderbird southwest Zuni Artist style spiderweb
$26.00
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Vintage Zuni Sterling Turquoise Coral Mother Of Pearl Jet Inlay
$99.00
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VINTAGE STERLING SILVER OLD ZUNI TURQUOISE CUFF BRACELET NEW OLD FRED HARVEY ERA
$129.00
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Vintage Southwest Sterling Silver Ring Zuni Style w Inlaid Turquoise MOP Coral
$14.95
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VINTAGE SILVER TONE METAL INLAID FLOWER ZUNI JEWELRY SAFTEY PIN KEY CHAIN
$18.99
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Zuni vintage turquoise 4 cabs Kansas City sm Ring s L 5
$22.95
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Vintage Sterling Silver and Onyx Zuni Earrings Signed Myron Pantean
$24.99
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VIntage Zuni 9 Stone Turquoise Pendant and chain Sterling Silver
$39.95
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VIntage Zuni 3 Stone Turquoise SunFace Pendant and chain Sterling Silver
$29.95
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VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN STERLING INLAY TURQUOISE CORAL LIGHTENING BOLTS CUFFLINKS
$385.00
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WONDERFUL VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN STERLING SILVER TURQUOISE DANGLE PIERCED EARRINGS
$225.00
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Sarah Coventry Silver Tone Vtg Zuni Ring w Faux Turquoise Stones
$8.50
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Vintage solid sterling silver turquoise inlay turtle tortoise earrings bear zuni
$20.00
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VINTAGE STERLING SILVER ZUNI OWL RING INDIAN PITKIN NATAWA CHANNEL INLAY
$49.99
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Vintage Jewel Zuni Sterling Silver Turquoise Ring Size 7 1 4
$14.39
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Vintage Navajo Zuni Petit Point Fred Harvey Era Turquoise Ring
$12.95
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Vintage Zuni Turquoise and Sterling Silver Necklace Exquisite stones
$750.00
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Vintage Zuni Pierced Hanging Earrings Sleeping Beauty Turquoise Sterling Silver
$11.99
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Vintage Sterling Silver Native American Zuni Indian Bolo Tie Coral Onyx MOP
$30.00
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BIG Vintage 60s 70s SIGNED Zuni Jimmie ETSATE Sterling Turquoise Coral MOP Ring
$149.99
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Vintage Large Sterling SIlver Navajo or Zuni Kachina Cuff Bracelet
$139.99
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Vintage ZUNI TURQUOISE EARRINGS Dangle Flush Inlay Great Estate Find
$35.00
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VINTAGE STERLING SILVER ZUNI TURQUOISE CUFF BRACELET BABY CHILD FRED HARVEY ERA
$69.00
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Vtg Navajo Zuni Inlaid Sunface Ring sz 6 Mother Of pearl Onyx Coral Turquoise
$44.99
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VINTAGE STERLING SILVER ZUNI TURQUOISE CUFF BRACELET BABY CHILD FRED HARVEY ERA
$69.00
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Zuni Vintage Turquoise Ring
$8.88
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VTG WESTERN COWBOY ZUNI ENAMEL INLAY BOLO TIE SHIPS FREE
$24.99
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Vintage Sterling Silver 925 Mexican Aztec Mayan Style Earrings Zuni Handmade
$59.99
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Sterling Zuni Unsigned Vintage Coral and Turquoises Inlay Butterfly Pin
$9.99
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VINTAGE TAXCO MEXICO ZUNI INLAY STERLING SILVER BEADED NECKLACE
$174.99
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HUGE LOT VINTAGE NAVAJO ZUNI SOUTHWESTERN BRACELET NECKLACE BEAD SILVER JEWELRY
$29.99
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Rare Old Zuni Petit Point BASKET Stick Pin Sterling Turquoise Coral MOP Vintage
$19.79
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ZUNI INLAY STERLING SILVER MULTI STONE BRACELET NATIVE AMERICAN VINTAGE
$74.99
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3D VINTAGE STERLING OLD PAWN ZUNI MFC TURQUOISE CLIP EARRINGS
$10.00
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Vintage Native American ZUNI Jonathan Beyuka Sterling Hoop Dancer Bolo Tie
$999.00
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VTG ZUNI Sterling Silver Rectangular Inlaid Ring Size 5 423 gramsN R
$14.99
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VINTAGE FINE 925 STERLING SILVER NECKLACE W IRV ZUNI PENDANT 1394g E1166
$50.00
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VTG 2 INCH TALL STERLING SILVER LAPIS PIN PENDANT BY LORRAINE WAATSA ZUNI
$295.00
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VTG Purple Stone Zuni Bear Styled Black Cord Necklace Choker
$20.00
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Sign PALOMA ZUNI Sterling Silver 925 Vintage Ring Size 75 Turquoise Flower 1179
$31.00
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Vintage Zuni style inlay cuff bracelet silver turquoise malachite
$55.00
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Southwest Vtg Sterling Silver Turquoise Zuni Earrings
$35.00
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Vintage Pre Owned Zuni Navajo Onyx and Bisbee Turquoise Sterling Dangle Earrings
$110.00
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Vintage Handmade Zuni Sterling Silver Turquoise Inlay Wrap Around Ring Sz 6 J L
$3.25
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Vintage 1978 Zuni Leather Carved Katchina Bolo Tie with silver tips
$14.99
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Vintage 925 Zuni Indian Knife Wing Silver Native Sterling Ring Sz 7
$97.99
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Vintage Sterling Silver Zuni Muti Inlay Rainbow Man Dancer Pendant Chain
$38.99
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Miniature Vintage Zuni Silver Needlepoint Turquoise Owl Pin
$22.00
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Vintage Zuni Sterling Stone Inlay Sun Face Pendant and 22 925 Chain
$75.00
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One vintage of Mary Tsikewa early Zuni bird fetish necklace with carved birds
$1,650.00
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Coral Turquoise Inlay Silver Vintage Zuni Native American Ring 55
$45.00
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Vintage Zuni Petit Point Turquoise Coral Lapis Sterling Silver Charm Bracelet
$28.77
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Vintage Zuni Sterling Inlay Onyx Coral Ring SZ 5
$189.95
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Zuni Sun God multi gem inlay unsigned Large ring size 65 Vintage
$85.00
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VINTAGE S SANCHEZ ZUNI STERLING SILVER TURQUOISE PENDANT
$130.00
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Vintage Sterling Post Earrings Zuni Inlaid Stones
$19.00
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VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN STERLING SILVER TURQUOISE DANGLE EARRINGS
$125.00
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Zuni Broach Sterling SilverTurquoisenecklace loop vintage American Indian
$49.99
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Vintage 20c American Indian Zuni Sterling Silver Turquoise Coral Onyx MOP Ring
$79.99
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VINTAGE ZUNI SILVER WATCH BAND TURQUOISE CHANNEL INLAY
$99.00
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Vintage Old Pawn Zuni Kachina Sterling Silver Turquoise Sun God Cuff Bracelet
$265.00
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VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN STERLING SILVER TURQUOISE FLOWER DESIGN CUFF BRACELET
$185.00
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Vintage Sterling Silver Turquoise Inlay Ntive American Zuni Style Ring Size 7
$9.99
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Vintage 1950s 60s Handmade Zuni Firebird Sterling Stone Inlay BOLO Necklace
$112.49
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Womens Vintage Old Pawn Zuni Sterling Silver Turquoise Inlaid Watch Tip Band
$95.00
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Vintage Zuni Inlay Black Onyx Red Jasper Pearl Turquioise Jewelry Silver Ring
$99.00
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GORGEOUS OLD VTG SOUTHWESTERN ZUNI LADIES STERLING SILVER MOTHER OF PEARL RING
$99.99
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Vintage Silver Toned Purple Stone Zuni Bear Western Dangle Earrings
$8.00
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Vintage Silver Turquoise Petit Point Zuni Squash Blossom NECKLACE
$265.00
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Vintage silver turquoise MOP coral INLAY Butterfly BROOCH Zuni Native American
$169.99
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Vintage Sterling Pendant Zuni Circle of Turquoise Teardrops by MB
$19.00
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Vintage Sterling Pendant Zuni Inlaid Colorful Stones
$14.00
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Vintage Sterling Post Earrings Zuni Inlaid Stone Ovals on Big Silver Ovals
$19.00
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Vintage Sterling Post Earrings Zuni Inlaid Stone Ovals w Beaded Dangles by QT
$19.00
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Vintage Zuni Fetish Sterling Silver Natural Red Coral Carved Bird Mop Necklace
$150.00
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RARE VTG Modernist Sterling Silver ZUNI Multi Gemstone Inlay Earrings Signed TCA
$29.95
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Vintage Zuni Sterling Silver 925 inlaid Necklace Signed by Artist Pendant
$235.00
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Vintage Zuni Sterling Needlepoint Turquoise Pin Brooch Pendant Needs Repair
$9.99
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Vintage Sterling Bone Aventurine Jade Jasper Zuni Fetish Bear Necklace LOT
$8.99
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Vintage Trifari Zuni Bear Pendant
$10.00
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Vintage Zuni Sterling Needlepoint Turquoise Pin Brooch Pendant Authentic
$39.99
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Vintage Zuni

VINTAGE ZUNI INLAY HUMMINGBIRD SQUASH

Pendleton Woolen Mills

Company origins

Thomas L. Kay

The company beginnings were in 1889ot yet under the name Pendletony Thomas L. Kay when he opened his own woolen mill, the Thomas Kay Woolen Mill in Salem, Oregon. Kay was an immigrant from England and a weaver by trade. He had previously worked in various textile mills on the east coast of the United States. In 1863 he made a transcontinental trek to the west coast and began working in the woolen mills in Oregon. Before opening his own mill in Salem, he had helped to set up only the second mill in Oregon at Brownsville.

Kay brought his oldest daughter, Fannie Kay, into the business and after learning the operation and management of the mill, she became her father assistant. In 1876 Fannie married retail merchant C.P. (Charles Pleasant) Bishop. This proved to be a great benefit to Kay company and to the Bishop enterprises in the combination of manufacturing and retail sales. The Bishops passed their expertise and knowledge to their three sons: Clarence, Roy, and (Robert) Chauncey.

Pendleton Woolen Mills

In 1909 the family moved to Pendleton in northeastern Oregon and took over the old defunct Pendleton Woolen Mills to begin the business there. The town of Pendleton backed the family in their new business venture and the Bishops company also took over the name Pendleton Woolen Mills. The move to eastern Oregon made sense for the business because eastern Oregon is sheep country and having wool producers near the mills allowed the mills to significantly cut the costs of production. The town of Pendleton is a major railhead for the Columbia River Plateau and allowed convenient shipping for the growing business.

Pendleton Wollen Mills in Pendleton, OR, now a retail sales facility for the company

The old mill that was taken over by the Bishops had been built in 1893 and had been a wool scouring plant where raw wool is scrubbed and packed before shipping out to the textile mills. In 1895 the mill was enlarged and converted into a textile mill and in 1896 began making Indian blanketseometric patterned robes (unfringed blankets) for Indian men and shawls (fringed blankets) for Indian women in the areahe Umatilla, Cayuse and Walla Walla tribes. That business eventually failed and the plant stood idle until it was purchased by the Bishop family. When the Bishop family took over the plant they built a new plant with the assistance of the town of Pendleton, which issued bonds for the construction of the plant.

Blankets

The family resumed the production of Indian blankets and introduced new designs, colors, and patterns to their product line. They also changed the construction of the mill's Indian blankets. Prior to 1909 the blankets had round corners. The Bishop blankets featured square corners. Pendleton round corner blankets are highly coveted by vintage Indian blanket collectors. The company expanded their trade from the local Indians to the Navajo, Hopi, and Zuni peoples of the American Southwest. The Pendleton blankets were not only basic wearing apparel, but were standards of trading and ceremonial use.

Expansion

The company began to expand their product line into other woolen products such as clothing. In 1912 the company opened a weaving mill in Washougal, Washington (across the river from Portland) for the production of woolen fabrics used in suits and other clothing.

One of the original three Bishop sons, Clarence Morton Bishopsually known as .M.tarted a new product line of men woolen sport shirts in bright colors and patterns. Prior to that time woolen shirts had been considered work shirts and came in mostly dull colors. In 1924 the company began producing men woolen sport shirts and by 1929 the company was producing a full line of woolen sportswear.

The second Bishop son, Roy, had left the company in 1918 to form his own company, the Oregon Worsted Company. The third son, Chauncey, died in 1927. This left C.M. with the sole responsibility for management of the Pendleton Woolen Mills.

During World War II, 194145, Pendleton Woolen Mills devoted most of its production to blankets, uniforms and clothing for the US military services.

In 1949, after postwar market research showed a desire for women sportswear, the company introduced a line of wool clothing for women and the 49er jacket proved extremely popular. The reversible pleated skirt was also very popular.

In 1960, a little-known singing group known as the Pendletones was formed, taking their name from the classic Pendleton wool plaid shirt. This group later changed their name to The Beach Boys and the Pendleton shirt became popular among American youth.

In 1972 the company again expanded its product line with the introduction of non-wool garments for men and women. Many customers had a desire for the classic Pendleton look but wanted lighter clothing for spring and summer wear. Again the new line was a major success for Pendleton.

Retail distribution

Throughout the company history its products had been sold in specialty stores and selected department storesncluding, of course, C.P. Bishop original clothing store in Salem. In the 1980s Pendleton entered the retail business with a chain of company-owned and privately owned specialty stores that sold the full line of Pendleton products. The company also went into the mail-order business and regularly published its own catalogs. In the 1990s Pendleton expanded into internet sales.

The company today

As of 2009 the company is still privately held and under the management of the Bishop family. C.M. Bishop III, the great-grandson of C.P. Bishop, is the president; great-grandsons John and Charles are vice presidents; and great-grandson Peter is the manager of the company catalog/internet division. The company operates eight facilities and 75 retail stores. Pendleton products are sold in the USA, Canada, Japan, and China.

The headquarters of the company are in Portland, Oregon. The original plants in Pendleton and Washougal are still in operation, along with two mills in Portland and a manufacturing plant in Bellevue, Nebraska.

Mission Mill Museum

The original Thomas Kay Woolen Mill in Salem was still operated by the Kay family, who were related to the Bishops, until it was closed in 1962. The mill was subsequently purchased by the Mission Mill Museum Association, a private, non-profit organization formed in 1964. Mission Mill Museum is the only woolen mill museum west of Missouri and has one of the few water-powered turbines in the Pacific Northwest that still generates electricity from a millrace.

External links

Hoovers report on Pendleton Woolen Mills, Inc.

History of the Thomas Kay Woolen Mill in Salem, Oregon

Historic photo archive The Pendleton Woolen Mill in 1934[dead link]

Current picture of Pendleton Mill[dead link]

Designs of Pendleton Native American blankets Commercial site, but shows some beautiful traditional-style Indian blankets and robes

Pendleton Blankets Commercial site, but shows some beautiful traditional-style Indian blankets and robes

Story on American Indian trade blankets

Story on American Indian trade blankets

(2007) Wrapped In Tradition: The Chihuly Collection of American Indian Trade Blankets Mayborn Museum Complex, Waco, Texas

Salem Public Library Association: Biography of Thomas L. Kay

Categories: Clothing manufacturers | Companies based in Portland, Oregon | Companies established in 1889 | Family businesses | Pendleton, OregonHidden categories: Articles lacking sources from April 2007 | All articles lacking sources | All articles with dead external links | Articles with dead external links from September 2009

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