Vintage Zuni

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HANDCRAFTED VINTAGE STERLING SILVER MULTICOLORED INLAY ZUNI SUN FACE RING
$44.95
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VINTAGE ZUNI STERLING SILVER TURQUOISE MOP ABALONE INLAY BEE RING SIZE 575
$18.29
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VINTAGE SIGNED ZUNI STERLING SILVER MULTI INLAY RING SIZE 11
$14.39
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VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN STERLING SILVER INLAID ONYX TURQUOISE SPIDER PIN
$225.00
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Vintage Navajo Zuni STERLING 925 Turquoise Coral MOP SOUTHWEST Charm Bracelet
$49.99
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CARLOS TSIPA ZUNI VINTAGE TURQUOISE INLAY STERLING SILVER BAND RING SIZE 725
$52.95
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VINTAGE ZUNI STERLING SILVER LARGE ONYX BELT BUCKLE
$49.99
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VINTAGE ZUNI STERLING SILVER TURQUOISE MOP CORAL JET INLAID CLIP EARRINGS
$13.99
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SO BEAUTIFUL VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN INLAID CORAL TURQUOISE RAINBOW MAN PIN
$875.00
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Vintage ZUNI Sterling Silver TURQUOISE Petit Point Cluster Post EARRINGS
$69.95
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Vintage Zuni Sterling Turquoise Needle Point Fringe Necklace
$120.00
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LARGE VINTAGE ZUNI STERLING SILVER FEATHER BEAD CORAL TURQUOISE RING 105gm SZ 6
$99.00
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Vintage 31 Zuni Single Strand FETISH Necklace 21 Creatures
$19.99
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VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN SILVER TURQUOISE FLOWER DANGLE PIERCED EARRINGS
$275.00
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BEAUTIFUL Early Vintage ZUNI Cluster Turquoise Ring Sz 85
$75.00
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Vtg Southwestern STERLING Silver Native NAVAJO ZUNI Turquoise MOP Inlay Ring
$1.00
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Vtg STERLING Silver Native NAVAJO ZUNI Butterfly Turquoise Coral Inlay Ring s75
$2.25
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Vintage Native Zuni 14k Yellow Gold Sodalite Zuni Australian Opal Cross Pendant
$31.00
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Vintage Zuni Native Indian Pawn 14k Gold Carved Onyx Australian Opal Earrings
$76.02
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Vtg STERLING Silver Native Navajo Zuni Snake Eye TURQUOISE Dangle Earrings
$11.50
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Vtg STERLING Silver NAVAJO ZUNI CRUCIFIX Needlepoint Turquoise Charm Pendant
$6.77
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Vtg OLDPAWN STERLING Silver NAVAJO ZUNI TURQUOISE MULTI Gemstone Pierce Earrings
$12.01
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Vintage Native American ZUNI INLAY Ring Sterling Silver Masterful Inlay
$70.00
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ZUNI INLAY STERLING SUNFACE BROOCH VINTAGE
$95.00
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Vtg STERLING Silver OLD PAWN NAVAJO ZUNI Geometrical Turquoise MOP Inlay Ring
$26.00
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ELEGANT attr QUAM family RARE vintage ZUNI TURQUOISE STERLING DANGLE EARRINGS
$130.50
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Vtg STERLING Silver OLD PAWN NAVAJO ZUNI BEAR Turquoise INLAY Brooch Pin Pendant
$18.03
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Vintage Zuni Petit Point Sterling and Turquoise Necklace and Matching Earrings
$325.00
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Lovely Vintage Sizeable Zuni Style Sterling Silver Inlay Stone Ring sz 575+
$39.00
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Sarah Cov Faux Turquoise ZUNI Ring Adjustable Size 675 Vintage
$5.99
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VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN SILVER INLAID GEMS DANCER EARRINGS
$145.00
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Vtg Native STERLING Silver NAVAJO ZUNI Old Pawn LEAF TURQUOISE Tie Bar Pin Clip
$3.25
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VINTAGE INDIAN NATIVE AMERICAN NAVAHO ZUNI SILVER TURQUOISE CORAL SHADOW RING
$29.99
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Vintage Petit Point Turquoise Cluster Sterling Cuff Bracelet Circle Radial Zuni
$1,295.00
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VINTAGE ZUNI STERLING BRACELETTURQUOISECORAL INLAY BRACELET
$85.00
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One vintage of Mary Tsikewa early Zuni bird fetish necklace with carved birds
$1,450.00
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Zuni Flower Inlay Vintage Ring By Jim Paywa
$99.00
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Vtg Silver 900 Zuni Tooled Etched Bangle Cuff Bracelet
$25.00
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ZUNI SILVER RING INLAY TURQUOISE MOTHER OF PEARL CORAL JET JAY VINTAGE
$59.00
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Vintage Sterling Silver Zuni Pendant with chain by E A
$35.99
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VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN SILVER INLAID CORAL TURQUOISE ONYX THUNDERBIRD PIN
$165.00
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VINTAGE SIGNED M NOCHE ZUNI TRIBE MULTI INLAID SILVER EARRINGS FOR PIERCED EARS
$24.49
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Vintage 925 Sterling Silver Heavy Zuni Animal Bead Necklace 30 675g 444299
$269.99
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VERY OLD VINTAGE ZUNI SNAKE EYE TURQUOISE STERLING DOUBLE ROW BRACELET STAMPED
$129.00
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Vintage CAROLYN POLLACK Sterling Turquoise ZUNI SUNFACE Pendant Brooch NR
$12.50
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Vintage Sterling Silver Southwestern Zuni Oblong Inlaid Ring Turq Coral+ sz 8
$48.00
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VINTAGE ZUNI STERLING SILVER CORAL TURQUOISE INLAYED NECKLACE BY ROBERT KELLEY
$99.99
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Vintage Zuni Southwestern Sterling Silver Turquoise Coral Cardinal Bird Ring 7
$49.99
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VINTAGE ZUNI INDIAN TURQUOISE AND SILVER STAR PENDANT CHAIN
$135.00
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VTG Zuni Hummingbird Turquoise Coral Jet MOP inlay Sterling Pendant Pin
$37.71
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VINTAGE ZUNI NA CARVED ANIMAL FETISH NECKLACE BEAR PENDANT
$40.00
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2 LONG VTG JULALITA LAMY ZUNI NATIVE STERLING RAINBOW MAN INLAY TURQUOISE RING
$125.00
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VINTAGE ZUNI PETIT POINT TURQUOISE SILVER RING SIGNED
$75.00
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VINTAGE ZUNI INLAY SIGNED ROSITA WALLACE BUTTERFLY EARRINGS
$95.00
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Vintage Zuni Inlay Turquoise Onyx MOP Coral Sterling Silver Earrings Sunface
$20.00
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VERY OLD DARK PATINA VINTAGE ZUNI PETIT POINT TURQUOSE STERING BRACELET 50GRM
$329.00
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Vintage John Mclents Zuni Indian Eagle Dancer Multi Pin Pendant Sterling Silver
$349.95
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VINTAGE ZUNI STERLING SILVER HUMMINGBIRD INLAY PIN BROOCH 12 Grams
$49.00
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Vintage Southwest Sterling Navajo or Zuni Inlaid Mother of Pearl Bird Ring Sz 6
$29.95
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Vintage Southwest Sterling Zuni or Navajo Pawn Turquoise Ring Size 8 22
$24.95
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Vintage Zuni Silver and Turquoise Earrings Pettipoint STERLING Signed GR171
$59.99
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Vintage Zuni Silver and Turquoise Single Row Pin
$50.00
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JOE EUSTACE ZUNI COCHITI JE COLLECTIBLE 925 Half Hoop Earrings VINTAGE
$60.00
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Vintage Sterling Silver Zuni Petit Point Turquoise Star Screw on Earrings
$14.95
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Vtg Jewelry ZUNI Sterling Silver OWL Turquoise Mother Pearl Brooch Pin rr574
$39.99
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Vintage SouthWest Zuni Navajo Indian Necklaces Liquid Silver Coral Heishi Bead
$299.00
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Vintage Zuni Animal Fetish BIRD WOLF Red Coral STERLING 925 RING SIZE 1075 E64
$89.99
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Vintage Sterling Silver Band Ring sz 10 NR Zuni Bear Design
$14.99
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Vintage 3 Strand Zuni Fetish Sterling Silver Bead Necklace
$25.00
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Vintage Zuni Channel Inlay Sterling Silver Sun Face Belt
$300.00
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VINTAGE STERLING ZUNI NEEDLEPOINT SLEEPING BEAUTY TURQUOISE NATIVE RING SZ 5
$79.99
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Vintage Signed Sarah Coventry Adjustable Ring 1976 ZUNI Faux turquoise silver
$8.95
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Vintage Silver Southwestern Zuni Fetish Necklace Coral Turquoise with earrings
$99.99
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VINTAGE ZUNI SILVER WATCH BAND TURQUOISE CHANNEL INLAY
$89.00
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Vintage Fred Weekoty ZUNI Bezel Set Turquoise Coral Watch Signed FW
$85.00
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SOUTHWEST TURQUOISE AND SILVER EARRINGS VINTAGE SCREW BACK ZUNI
$47.00
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Ladies Zuni Vintage 12 Stone turquoise Inlay Sun Face Ring Sterling Silver sz 6
$24.95
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Vintage Zuni Ring Sterling Silver Turquoise Size 75 Banketewa Excellent
$125.00
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Pretty vintage Native American Zuni petit point turquoise sterling clip earrings
$44.99
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OLD TALL VINTAGE ZUNI PETIT POINT TURQUOSE STERLING SILVER CUFF STAMP SIGNED
$235.00
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Vintage ZUNI HEISHE Necklace SANTO DOMINGO Pueblo Kewa 14 Rough Edged Shell
$44.00
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VINTAGE ZUNI SNAKE EYE GREEN TURQUOISE STERLING SILVER DOUBLE ROW BRACELET
$119.00
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60s Vtg ZUNI Sterling Silver Petit Point Turquoise 2 1 4 Long Dangler Earrings
$135.00
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Vintage Zuni Inlay Sun God Ring Unisex Sterling Mother Pearl Turquoise Coral
$195.00
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Vintage Zuni

VINTAGE ZUNI INLAY HUMMINGBIRD SQUASH

Pendleton Woolen Mills

Company origins

Thomas L. Kay

The company beginnings were in 1889ot yet under the name Pendletony Thomas L. Kay when he opened his own woolen mill, the Thomas Kay Woolen Mill in Salem, Oregon. Kay was an immigrant from England and a weaver by trade. He had previously worked in various textile mills on the east coast of the United States. In 1863 he made a transcontinental trek to the west coast and began working in the woolen mills in Oregon. Before opening his own mill in Salem, he had helped to set up only the second mill in Oregon at Brownsville.

Kay brought his oldest daughter, Fannie Kay, into the business and after learning the operation and management of the mill, she became her father assistant. In 1876 Fannie married retail merchant C.P. (Charles Pleasant) Bishop. This proved to be a great benefit to Kay company and to the Bishop enterprises in the combination of manufacturing and retail sales. The Bishops passed their expertise and knowledge to their three sons: Clarence, Roy, and (Robert) Chauncey.

Pendleton Woolen Mills

In 1909 the family moved to Pendleton in northeastern Oregon and took over the old defunct Pendleton Woolen Mills to begin the business there. The town of Pendleton backed the family in their new business venture and the Bishops company also took over the name Pendleton Woolen Mills. The move to eastern Oregon made sense for the business because eastern Oregon is sheep country and having wool producers near the mills allowed the mills to significantly cut the costs of production. The town of Pendleton is a major railhead for the Columbia River Plateau and allowed convenient shipping for the growing business.

Pendleton Wollen Mills in Pendleton, OR, now a retail sales facility for the company

The old mill that was taken over by the Bishops had been built in 1893 and had been a wool scouring plant where raw wool is scrubbed and packed before shipping out to the textile mills. In 1895 the mill was enlarged and converted into a textile mill and in 1896 began making Indian blanketseometric patterned robes (unfringed blankets) for Indian men and shawls (fringed blankets) for Indian women in the areahe Umatilla, Cayuse and Walla Walla tribes. That business eventually failed and the plant stood idle until it was purchased by the Bishop family. When the Bishop family took over the plant they built a new plant with the assistance of the town of Pendleton, which issued bonds for the construction of the plant.

Blankets

The family resumed the production of Indian blankets and introduced new designs, colors, and patterns to their product line. They also changed the construction of the mill's Indian blankets. Prior to 1909 the blankets had round corners. The Bishop blankets featured square corners. Pendleton round corner blankets are highly coveted by vintage Indian blanket collectors. The company expanded their trade from the local Indians to the Navajo, Hopi, and Zuni peoples of the American Southwest. The Pendleton blankets were not only basic wearing apparel, but were standards of trading and ceremonial use.

Expansion

The company began to expand their product line into other woolen products such as clothing. In 1912 the company opened a weaving mill in Washougal, Washington (across the river from Portland) for the production of woolen fabrics used in suits and other clothing.

One of the original three Bishop sons, Clarence Morton Bishopsually known as .M.tarted a new product line of men woolen sport shirts in bright colors and patterns. Prior to that time woolen shirts had been considered work shirts and came in mostly dull colors. In 1924 the company began producing men woolen sport shirts and by 1929 the company was producing a full line of woolen sportswear.

The second Bishop son, Roy, had left the company in 1918 to form his own company, the Oregon Worsted Company. The third son, Chauncey, died in 1927. This left C.M. with the sole responsibility for management of the Pendleton Woolen Mills.

During World War II, 194145, Pendleton Woolen Mills devoted most of its production to blankets, uniforms and clothing for the US military services.

In 1949, after postwar market research showed a desire for women sportswear, the company introduced a line of wool clothing for women and the 49er jacket proved extremely popular. The reversible pleated skirt was also very popular.

In 1960, a little-known singing group known as the Pendletones was formed, taking their name from the classic Pendleton wool plaid shirt. This group later changed their name to The Beach Boys and the Pendleton shirt became popular among American youth.

In 1972 the company again expanded its product line with the introduction of non-wool garments for men and women. Many customers had a desire for the classic Pendleton look but wanted lighter clothing for spring and summer wear. Again the new line was a major success for Pendleton.

Retail distribution

Throughout the company history its products had been sold in specialty stores and selected department storesncluding, of course, C.P. Bishop original clothing store in Salem. In the 1980s Pendleton entered the retail business with a chain of company-owned and privately owned specialty stores that sold the full line of Pendleton products. The company also went into the mail-order business and regularly published its own catalogs. In the 1990s Pendleton expanded into internet sales.

The company today

As of 2009 the company is still privately held and under the management of the Bishop family. C.M. Bishop III, the great-grandson of C.P. Bishop, is the president; great-grandsons John and Charles are vice presidents; and great-grandson Peter is the manager of the company catalog/internet division. The company operates eight facilities and 75 retail stores. Pendleton products are sold in the USA, Canada, Japan, and China.

The headquarters of the company are in Portland, Oregon. The original plants in Pendleton and Washougal are still in operation, along with two mills in Portland and a manufacturing plant in Bellevue, Nebraska.

Mission Mill Museum

The original Thomas Kay Woolen Mill in Salem was still operated by the Kay family, who were related to the Bishops, until it was closed in 1962. The mill was subsequently purchased by the Mission Mill Museum Association, a private, non-profit organization formed in 1964. Mission Mill Museum is the only woolen mill museum west of Missouri and has one of the few water-powered turbines in the Pacific Northwest that still generates electricity from a millrace.

External links

Hoovers report on Pendleton Woolen Mills, Inc.

History of the Thomas Kay Woolen Mill in Salem, Oregon

Historic photo archive The Pendleton Woolen Mill in 1934[dead link]

Current picture of Pendleton Mill[dead link]

Designs of Pendleton Native American blankets Commercial site, but shows some beautiful traditional-style Indian blankets and robes

Pendleton Blankets Commercial site, but shows some beautiful traditional-style Indian blankets and robes

Story on American Indian trade blankets

Story on American Indian trade blankets

(2007) Wrapped In Tradition: The Chihuly Collection of American Indian Trade Blankets Mayborn Museum Complex, Waco, Texas

Salem Public Library Association: Biography of Thomas L. Kay

Categories: Clothing manufacturers | Companies based in Portland, Oregon | Companies established in 1889 | Family businesses | Pendleton, OregonHidden categories: Articles lacking sources from April 2007 | All articles lacking sources | All articles with dead external links | Articles with dead external links from September 2009

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